I would like to acknowledge the following information sources used in compiling this educational resource.

The Ant:

Australian Ants Online:

Louisiana State Arthropod Museum

Facts about Ants

Ant Facts:

CSIRO The Insects of Australia, A Textbook for Students and Research Workers, Melbourne University Press 1979 Australia


I would also like to thank the Centre for Microscopy and Microanlysis (CMM) at the University of Queensland for use of their sample preparation equipment and Scanning Electron Microscope.

The specimens were critical-point dried at the CMM using liquid carbon dioxide. They were then glued to microscope mounts and coated with platinum in a sputter-coater before being imaged in the JEOL 6460 LA Scanning Electron Microscope at the CMM.

Other educational resources are available online at

If you have any queries I can be contacted via email at

Duncan Waddell (webEM, XTAL Enterprises)


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